Oil heating service

By G&S Mechanical Services Of Maryland.
G&S Mechanical Service Can Repair or service
your oil burning heating equipment.

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Warning: there is information that I do not have on this and following pages that will require separate pages to write about. If you find any links please let me know. Some of the missing information is setting the air mixture and testing the ignition transformer. Both will require at least one or more web pages to present the information properly and safely.

    We are familiar with most brands of oil burners R.W Beckett, Wayne Home Equipment, Carlin or Arco. There are other brands of equipment but they are so rare that there are few left compared to R.W Beckett and Wayne. The Beckett AFG. burner seems to be the most popular burner in use today.

    While many major cities now have natural gas service there are many places that still have oil especially rural areas and large installations in cities until some other source of fuel is discovered oil heat will be with us for a while. Areas like Long Island New York have a lot of oil since natural gas is not available and the price of electricity is 25c/KWH making heat pumps not cost effective.

    We find that the majority of problems with oil burners is that they need to be cleaned regularly and have the fuel filters changed. We find that many problems can be solved by converting systems that are one pipe to two pipes. This picks up dirt that normally settles in the bottom of the tank and sucks it into the filter where you can dispose of it.

    Nozzles are cheap to replace and can cause lots of problems especially the lower flow nozzles under 1.0 GPH. They can clog with dirt even though they have a bronze screen. Higher flow nozzles are less likely to clog and need replacing.

    Problems with the ignition transformer are not as common as problems with the electrodes getting covered with soot and shorting out the spark, causing the oil not to light. Cleaning the electrodes with alcohol or solvent will help restore the porcelain. Cracked electrodes should be replaced. Be careful messing with the ignition transformer, the 10,000 volts can shock you into next year.

    If you run out of oil on a one pipe system you will have to purge the air out of the lines. This is done by connecting a 3/8" id tube to the bleeder screw on the burner oil pump and the other end into a container while opening the valve with the motor running to pump all the air out of the lines. Once the line runs clear you should be able to close the line and the burner should fire. You will have to hit the reset several times to get the lines cleared and it is not uncommon to get an air bubble that stopps the oil flow in the future.

    If you have a two pipe system you will only have to hit the reset button a few times until the lines are purged (see below).

Repair Tips

Hope this helps Scott Meenen

If you want add to this text please e-mail me or feel free to link to here and I can advertise your service.

    For all your oil equipment repairs, questions and answers contact us. When filling out this form please keep in mind that the oil burner and the furnace are two separate entities. I don't need details on the furnace if you are looking for parts to your burner. Just the brand of the burner and the parts you need. Please try the supply house list first. To learn what the photocell does and how to diagnose it click here.

    If you have air conditioning or a forced air furnace consider adding a heat pump also known as a fossil fuel kit to save you money if oil prices get high this winter (the same goes for natural gas). Sold mainly on Rheem and Ruud. but can be used on other brands of heaters. If you have gas furnace questions try this page.

    Looking for repair books: I have found that the public library usually has a very good selection. Audel Publishing puts out some really nice books which you may be able to order online.

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We service and repair the following brands:
American Standard, Amana, Arco, Arco-Aire, Bryant, Carrier, Coleman Evcon, Comfortmaker, Day/Night/Payne, Dunham-Bush, Fedders, Fredrich, Goodman, General Electric, Hotpoint, Heil, Intertherm, Janitrol, Kenmore, Lennox (Armstrong, Johnson Air-Ease), Miller, Modine, Nordyne, Rheem/Ruud, Sears, Stewart Warner, Trane, Williams, White-Westinghouse, Whirlpool, Weil Mclain,
York, (Frasier Johnson/Borg Warner Luxair) and others.



Written By:  Scott Meenen N3SJH of:
Specializing in Mechanical, Controls and Electrical Modifications Of
Heating, Air conditioning, Refrigeration, Cold storage,
Ice Production and Food preservation.
Anything having to do with Heat and Energy.
Serving MD, DC, and Northern VA.
Contact us...
Email us at: jsmeenen@toad.net

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                 This text written by: Scott Meenen * G & S Mechanical

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